15 boys and girls, age 12, third year of English: 2 years and 3 months.


1st year: 5 lessons a week, 2nd year: 5, 3rd year: 3 lessons a week.


School: Musisches Gymnasium in Salzburg - Austria, with lots of music and art.

Every one of the students plays one or two musical instruments –therefore their power of concentration and will power is really good. Our school has an entry-exam: only creativity is tested, not intellectual knowledge. It is a state school and not private.


                             Written Exam – 3 M -   12.12.2002



a) Eight pages –fill in or continue. Quotations from around the world (by heart):


Asia: India, Tibet, China:

Islam and the Arabic world:

The Western World:

The Golden Rule in three Cultures:


If sentences:

Past Perfect:

Indirect Speech:

Past tense


b) On these eight pages you will find more than 30 pictures. E.g.: Chinese characters, the earth seen from the cosmos, Budddha, Gandhi, Vivekananda, pictures from the Middle East, Muhammad Iqbal, Jesus, Moses, an Arabic sign, the cross, the Jewish symbol, Ying and Yang, Laotzu, Shiva and Om, the symbol of the Bahai faith,  Tolstoy, Dostojewskij and:


                                              WE ARE ONE

a picture of 11 people closely together (in a circle).


c) The Exam:


1.    Lovely girls and boys of 3 M,


Do you like these Chinese characters? You are all “ming” – (2 Chinese characters)-

Like the sun and like the moon = intelligent, bright and brilliant.

                            I am very happy to be your teacher.

                                                                                          Edwin Zappe (+ a flower)


2. “Collective survival is possible only, when we recognize(x) all the other cultures.”(y)

         The rector of the United Nations University in 1988.

                                                                                                        (x) and love

                                                                                                        (y) and religions.


I  Asia: India, Tibet, China:


Please fill in or continue:

1. The Indian poet Tulsidas said:

“Everyone…says and does as much as he has understood.


2From the Bhagavad Gita, Gandhi`s favourite book. One cannot understand India without having read the B.G.


3. “There is no wisdom...for a man without harmony and without harmony there is no contemplation; without contemplation there cannot be peace; without peace

can there be joy?


 The Bhagavad Gita:

All beings …are born in delusion, the delusion of division, which comes from desire and hate.


4. Tibet:

According to Tibetan medicine… there are three reasons for getting sick:

   1 aversion. I don`t like people, myself, etc.

  2. confusion: I am confused

 3. attachment: I can be attached to food, alcohol, cigarettes, work, job,…


5.  I always fast to still my mind. India


6. Thoughts alone …create the rounds of birth.                                    



7 I must make my…thoughts like the law.

The refuge (Zuflucht) of all the world is the law. The law has nobody who can resist it. Irresistible is the law. So I must make my thought like the law.

                                                                      Buddhism: The Dharmasangiti Sutra


8. The Jains (India):

   Consider…humankind as one.

9. What does the origin of the word “Buddha” mean?    Intelligent

10. India: Prayer…is my inner coat of mail.

11 China: All under  h…eaven one family.

12 What does “intelligent” mean in Chinese?   To listen

13 What is “stupid” in Chinese?

The holes of the heart are blocked. The divine child cannot be born. The divine light cannot come out.


14 Laotse. Only he who loves is courageous.


II Islam and the Arab world:


1      Goethe,( the great German poet) said: “He who knows himself and others will realize that the Orient and the Occident cannot be separated, because they are one.


2      From the Holy Koran: And your Lord says: …”Call on me, I will answer your  



3. The  Holy Koran:

   “If you…have done evil, you have done it to yourself.”


4. The Koran: “O mankind!  We…created

you from a single pair of a male and a female  and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other, not that you despise each other.


3.    We have learned…in order to give, we have not learned in order to take.


4.     The Holy  Koran:

Do not take… life which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law.


6. A Bahai quotation:  “Regard man as amine rich in gems of inestimable value “.


The Bahaìs are of Persian origin.


8. “The reality of each man is his…thought, not his material body.”

                                                                                      Abdul Baha (Baha’i)


III. The Western World:


1. “You have …stolen my heart, my sister, my bride. You have stolen my heart with one glance of your eyes, with one jewel of your necklace.      The Bible


2. “Yet I am not…alone, for my father is with me. I have told… you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world…you will have trouble (z) But…

take heart, I have overcome the world.”


( z): Different translations in the Bible:

Latin. Pressuram: pressure.

French: dans la detresse- suffering

Spanish : affliccion - affliction

Russian : grief, sorrow

Polish : pressure, affliction.


1.    (Only if you have much time left!): -Tolstoy and Dostojewskij ( the students can see  two photographs of these great writers):


Dostojewskij and Tolstoy are the greatest novelists of the Western world. Dost.: “The Idiot”. Dost. was sentenced to death by the tsar. Tolstoy: “War and Peace”.


4 The Creation of the World:

The sixth day: The Bible: Let us makeman in our …image, after our likeness…So God created man in his own image. In the image of God he created man and woman. Male and female he created them. And he blessed them and said:  “Be fruitful and …multiply.” God saw everything that he had made, and it was very good.


IV: The Golden Rule in three cultures:


1. Islam: No one of you will become a true believer unless he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.

2. Buddhism: Do not hurt others with that which pains yourself.

3. Christianity: Do to others as you would have others do to you.


V. Africa:


1. Proverb:

Talking…with one another is loving one another.


2. Book: Desert Flower by Waries Dirie:

She is an extraordinary…woman from… Somalia. When she was …thirteen, she ran away from her family, because she…didn`t want to marry a man of sixty.

She had…eleven brothers and sisters.

When she ran away, a …truckdriver wanted to… rape her. She…killed him with a stone. Then she…went to London...Later she went all around the world. She is a famous model.


VI. 1. If-sentences, water, please. 3x

a. If I speak nicely to water, what will happen?

b. If I spoke nicely to water, what would happen?

c. If I had spoken nicely to water, what would have happened?

(Book by Emoto:  Water – the crystals = beautiful mandalas.)


2. After the Arabian prince had seen (to see) the princess, he…kissed (to kiss) her.


3. Indirect Speech: I like this girl:

He said that he liked that girl.


4. Indirect Speech:  She has never been in London.

She said that she had never been in London.

5-    She has been in our class for three years.


6. The rule, please: since: Present Perfect:

since  yesterday, since last year, since 1999, since I met you


7. The rule, please: Past Tense:

I saw my friend… (Not more than six examples, please!

 I saw my friend…yesterday, the day before yesterday, two days ago, the other day, in 1999, when I was in England



Lovely pupils of mine,


Making mistakes is natural. No person is perfect. I also make mistakes. Mistakes help us to improve (sich verbessern).


There are about 37 “questions” to be answered- indeed many. If they are too many for one lesson of 50 minutes –don`t bother. That´s OK. (If you don`t finish).

Anyway: You all know these quotations by heart - I don`t. How intelligent you are!


(every pupil finished successfully within  50 minutes. Indeed,  not easy!)

                       Good luck!

                            Your teacher

                                     Edwin Zappe


       --------------the end ----------------------




P.S. Today was the 30th lesson of 3M.


Marks: In Austria we have five marks: One, two, three, four, five..  One–is the best,  five–is the worst = not passed. In this exam the average of marks was:   

                                                1.78=   1.8



Many years ago, when I still lived in Egypt (1973-80), I came across a fascinating book about the meaning and importance of fairy-tales by Bruno Bettelheim:                    The Use ofEnchantment.” 

                                                                                                                                 In the beginning of his book, the author gave his idea of a good story:


“For a story to hold the child’s attention, it must entertain him and

arouse his curiosity.

But to enrich his life, it must stimulate his imagination, help him to develop his intellect and to clarify his emotions; be attuned to his anxieties and aspirations, give full recognition to his difficulties, while at the same time suggesting solutions to the problems which perturb him.

In short, it must at one and the same time

relate to all aspects of his personality—and this without

ever belittling but, on the contrary,

giving full credence to the seriousness of the child’s predicaments, while simultaneously promoting confidence in himself and in his future.

Bettelheim here described what was to my mind the perfect (English, History etc.) lesson. I have merely to change the word “story” for “lesson”. Is it not self-evident?


1. The lesson must hold the child’s attention.

2. The lesson must entertain him.

3.  The lesson must stimulate him.

4. The lesson must clarify his emotions.

5.  The lesson must be attuned to his anxieties and aspirations.

6. The lesson must give full recognition to his difficulties.

7. The lesson must give solutions to the problems which perturb him.

8. The lesson must give confidence in himself and in his future


9. The lesson must relate to all aspects of the personality.